Харківський історичний музей
Замовлення екскурсій

M.F.Sumtsov Kharkiv Historical Museum

Kharkiv Historical Museum

M.F. Sumtsov Kharkiv Historical Museum is one of the largest museums in Ukraine.

It holds more than 300 thousands of museum objects of national and worldwide significance representing history and culture of Ukraine and ethnicities living here.

Museum pays special attention to researching of the historical ukrainian province Sloboda Ukraine (Slobozhanshchyna).

Museum exhibitions cover a wide range of historical periods, from the Stone Age (archaeological exhibiion "Na perechrestyah stolit") to modernity.

How to get

Kharkiv, Universytetska str. 5

There are 2 Metro stations near the museum: Istorychnyi Muzei and Maidan Konstytutsii


Open hours are 09:30 - 17:00

The ticket office is open until 16:45

Museum is closed every Monday

Ticket for one exhibition costs:
6UAH (for adults)
4UAH (for students, children and teens under 18)

The entrance to all exhibitions is free for disabled persons and for children under 6 years (You may be asked for a document that prove your status).

Guided tour (one exhibition):
30UAH (only in Ukrainian/Russian languages)


1st floor

  • Archeology of the region (На перехрестях століть. Археологія краю)
  • Kharkiv region during middle ages and cossack era (9–18 centuries A.D.) (Наш край у 9–18 столітті)
  • Kharkiv region in the Revolution of 1917 and interwar period (1917–1940) (Харківщина 1917–1940)

2nd floor

  • World War ІІ (Велич подвигу народного. 1939–1945)
  • Kharkivites on the fronts of World War I (1914-1918) (Харків’яни на фронтах I світової війни (1914-1918)) free

3rd floor

  • Kharkiv during 19th century (Історичні етюди. Харків XIX ст.)
  • Ethnic traditions of the region (Слобожанські мотиви. Етнографія краю)
  • Kharkiv in Soviet time 1943–1991 (Від відбудови до перебудови. 1943–1991)
  • Antiterrorist operation and Kharkiv region (Двічі присягу не дають (хроніки подій на сході))

4th floor

  • Cossack era in ukrainian history (Україна козацька: погляд крізь століття)

Collection highlights

More than 300,000 objects of the museum permanent collection are divided into holding groups: archaeology, weapon, fine arts, numismatics, documents, photos etc.

Archaeological collection contains items uncovered during the museum's own archeological excavations, carried out since 1931.

The count of pieces of archaeological collection is about 55,000. They represents mostly cultures of Scythians and Khazars.

One of the most valuable objects of Scythian collection is bimetallic akinak (sword) with bronze hilt (7 ct. BC).

Kharkiv Historical Museum holds unique national ukrainian relic: flag of Hetman Mazepa (leader of the Cossacks State, 17ct.)

History of the museum

The museum was founded in 1920. It got the best collections from Kharkiv University Museum and the city Art and Industry Museum.

The collection of Kharkiv University Museum started to accumulate in 1804. Its objects were used for students teaching. This collection was one of the first museum collections in Ukraine.

The city Art and Industry Museum was founded in 1886. Its ethnographic collection was one of the largest and best among all city museums in Russian Empire.

In 1902 the nationwide Archaeological Congress was held in Kharkov. A huge previous search work was conducted. There were collected a large number of valuable objects of history, ethnography, art that revealed history and culture of inhabitants of the region. For participants of the Congress the exhibitions were created to demonstrate these objects. Later the most of objects has became a part of the collection of M.F. Sumtsov Kharkiv Historical Museum.

Also Museum got many unique objects of religious cult. These objects were requisitioned in 1920s - 1930s in religious organizations during the Bolshevik anti-religious policies. Many unique objects were saved because the Museum has received them.

At the time Kharkiv was the capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Republic. Therefore capital museum got not only local history artefacts but objects from the whole country. A team of highly qualified scientists worked on study and completion of collections. One of the scientists was Member of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences Mykola Fedorovych Sumtsov. Since the end of the 19th century he was one of the leading ukrainian ethnographers, historians and museology expert. M.F. Sumtsov was the founder and first director of the Kharkiv Historical Museum.